|P & I Pre Shipment Survey for Coal Batu Bara|
The IMO bulk code also deals with coal, although loading temperature is not mentioned.
That what a surveyor wants.
Other dry cargoes may be surveyed before loading to verify condition.
An example is checking freezer cargoes to ensure that they are properly Frozen down. The important point is that for any pre-shipment cargo survey.
The surveyor does not need any detective work or nautical knowledge. What is Required is a good knowledge of the commodity involved, and a knowledge of the safety factor such as temperature and moisture limits. Then it is simply a matter of examing the cargo in line with industry standards and describing the condition accurately
The report must be ready so that bill of loading must be claused or in some cases, loading stopped if the cargo is outside limits
For Oil and Chemicals Cargoes
Pre shipment sampling are sampled before loading and during loading to check on quality, Line cleanliness and tank cleanliness.
The marine surveyor‘s job is to ensure that the samples are taken in accordance with proper practice and tests are done correctly and recorded most important is safety (Source : international Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminal)
~ Look out for spillage.
~ Breathing in fumes.
~ Getting products on the skin.
~ Possible flash points.
The surveyors report will certify the quality of oil loaded
It must also highlight any departures from standard procedures during sampling and loading
Large cargo claims can hang on the surveyors report, so it is important to Understand the correct procedures and to be meticulous in the survey
Points to watch for are that tank samples should he sealed individually and properly labeled, so that tank. time and depth can he recorded.
Samples should not be mixed.
Automatic samples should be veriﬁed by checking test and maintenance records, recording control settings and checking weighing samples during operation.
An important point if there is subsequent litigation is to have taken samples of water or cargo already on the vessel before loading starts.
Slops and ballast water should be sampled and the samples retained for a period of at least two months